Embedded systems are hardware modules with softwares or firmware embedded in it with the purpose of doing something specific. Embedded systems typically contain the hardware inside which the firmware is embedded, containing the Real-Time Operating System that enables the user to interact with the system. Examples of embedded systems are smoke detectors or automatic washing machines; these embedded systems can be tightly coupled with the Internet of Things to provide a better solution to smart homes or systems.
Students having proficiency in Embedded Systems can find employment as Embedded Software Engineer, RTOS Software engineer, Embedded Hardware Engineer, Embedded System Trainer, RTOS Kernel engineer, etc. Due to a shortage of experienced embedded system engineers & developers in India, they usually command a high salary.
Embedded system software developers are employable in various domains. Industries like finance, medical electronics, aerospace, manufacturing, consumer electronics, industrial manufacturing, space, agriculture regularly employ embedded system engineers for their flagship products or automatons.
The embedded system industry is projected to reach 12 Lac employment by 2020, with a total market gross of $360 Bn. Indian companies like TCS, Wipro, Tata, Infosys, Tech Mahindra, Airbus & Toshiba are actively hiring embedded system engineers & developers.